Stigma threat, as described below, relates to internal processes that are more proximal to the self. These statistics are provided to allow synthesis of the risk for lesbian, gay, and bisexual versus heterosexual respondents in the studies, but they cannot be used as accurate estimates of adjusted population odds ratios. An ideal study design would combine evidence from the investigation of within- and between-groups differences. An issue of substance and an issue of method. The music video bar upstairs is also a must-see.
A co-twin control study in adult men.
GLMA: Health Professionals Advancing LGBT Equality
Minority Stress One elaboration of social stress theory may be referred to as minority stress to distinguish the excess stress to which individuals from stigmatized social categories are exposed as a result of their social, often a minority, position. Oxford University Press; Sexual politics, sexual communities: The stress process revisited: Another limitation is that the review ignores generational and cohort effects in minority stress and the prevalence of mental disorder. Is sexual orientation related to mental health problems and suicidality in young people? Experimental social psychological research has highlighted other processes that can lead to adverse outcomes.