In many cases, commercial matchmaking agencies have simply changed their location or continued their practices in another, often more covert form. The amount of money of the niqda is reached at by negotiation between groups of people from both families. No gift dower or dowry is settled between them. Mahr was the purchase price paid for the bride by the groom's family to the bride's father or guardian, while Sadaq was the betrothal gift offered by groom to the bride. Archived from the original on April 19,
The bride's family supplements the Naqd amount with an equal or more cash, and gives dowry called shura or shawar or amerwas.