Protestant paramilitaries in Northern Ireland. This included the Orange Order, which had to be dissolved and reconstituted. There are many parades on and around 1 July in commemoration of the Somme, although the war memorial aspect is more obvious in some parades than others. Patrick Mayhewthen Secretary of State for Northern Irelandsaid the marchers "would have disgraced a tribe of cannibals". Occasionally the Order and the more fundamentalist Independent Order publishes historical arguments based more on religion than on history. As with the Vikings, these were viewed as a people of "dark intentions" who ultimately colonized much of the Eastern part of the country and several larger towns. The Catholic Church and the Nation-State:
There are a number of different claims as to the origin of the term, none of which are possible to entirely prove or disprove.
Hanging in the gallery for all to see
March Learn how and when to remove this template message. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Orange Order. A decade later a South Island Grand Lodge was formed, and the two merged in Of the approximately Orange halls in Ireland, have been targeted by arsonists since the beginning of the Troubles in At the close of the eighteenth century, Protestants, again feeling the threat of the Catholic majority, began forming secret societies which coalesced into the Orange Order.